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SAP Business Explorer (SAP BEx)

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Recently I worked on a project where we upgraded our BEx components from 3.x to 7x an encountered numerous issues, In this technical blog I have listed one of the interesting issue related to BEx Analyzer limitation


Problem Statement


Part of BEx Upgrade project BW workbooks when upgraded from BEx 3.x to 7x started experiencing issues for having huge data set (1 Million data cells and beyond). Business users were executing workbooks which were either stored on local machine OR from the server having 10,000+ Rows & 90+ Columns, upon execution they got a popup "Client Out of Memory" .


This phenomenon has been described in SAP note 1411545 & 1040454. Understood from SAP that there is a design limitation for 7x analyzer (0.75 Million data cells) because BEX 7.X leverages MS .NET framework having this memory limits.


As per note number of cells that can be displayed as defined by SAP is 750,000 OR 1.2GB but the our workbooks had 1+million data cells. Calculation of the data cells is as per allocated memory MB = 100 + ( (# Rows * # Columns) * 0.0016)


Only the result set in the workbook should be considered for Number of Rows and Columns in above calculation

 

Alternative Approach/Workarounds


1. Cut down data set size by including additional filters to display the data, so that number of rows and columns gets reduced. SAP says "Anything extracted beyond ~.5M cells is considered as ETL requirement. BEx is a reporting and analytical tool and this should not be used for data extraction as an ETL tool."

 

2. If your result set has more number of columns due to Drill Across fields for all key figures/measures then change the way how reports are executed by rearranging the drills down/across so that the number of columns get reduced as we have no control on the number of rows.


3.  Every workbooks will have corresponding query associated with it. If in your case workbooks have only one query in the back end then as k the users to access corresponding report from either 3.x OR 7x analyzer instead of workbooks as queries have separate memory restriction which can be extended in RSADMIN.


With this workaround you can instantly run in excel and you also have refresh functions as in workbooks but the look and feel might be slightly different

 

4. If in your case the workbooks can be accessed both 3.x and 7x then you can ask the users to open 3x analyzer and access the migrated workbooks as 3.x workbooks dont have .Net limitation


5. Execute the report in Web and download to CSV as query can handle huge data set, presuming you maintain appropriate settings in RSADMIN


6.  Execute the report in smaller chunks using a custom ABAP program and then merge the files together

 

All the above workarounds will be limited until SAP BW/BI version 7.30 and presuming you enable both 3.x and 7x front end tools.


I also performed research on couple of other BI tools (Hadoop, Qlikview, Tableau..) Some of them dont have the restriction as in Analyzer but most of them are meant for small data packets and not for huge data volumes.


One that can be a potential alternative is SAP Business Objects Analysis for Office Edition, A premium alternative to Bex Analyzer. When I googled found combination of OS 64 Bit + Excel 64 Bit  + Analysis for office 64 Bit can handle huge data set but there are mixed reviews about this tool.


Relevant SAP Notes

1411545 & 1040454

1973478 - BEx Analyzer: Safety Belt option for large Query Results

1411545 - BExAnalyzer: safety belt for large resultsets

1860872 - Report not executable in BEx Analyzer 7x / Client out of Memory

2061104 - BEx Analyzer: Throws out of memory exception when there are many data providers and hence the size of the XML is very large.

2041337 - BExAnalyzer: Performance in Serialization of Structure Members and Cells

1958613 - Optimizing the BEx Analyzer Performance - Known Corrections and Best Practice Guidelines

1466118 - Hardware & Software requirements for Analysis, edition for MS Office


Thanks

Abhishek Shanbhogue

Whenever our Bex query execution turns into an error or users report error in query execution, one should follow some basic steps before turning into a paniced maniac.


Sometimes we have worked hard on a query developement but the query gives error instead of the desired output. This can be very frustrating as we have already spent a lot of time on the developement and the error causes us further distress.


One can follow some basic steps below to make sure that there are no obvious mistakes.

 

1. Use Generate Report option from RSRT tcode. This will either resolve the issue or give you a better description of the error.

 

2. Test all the infoprovider objects in RSRV. This will let you know if there is any issue with the inforproviders, their indices or their structures.

 

3. Run RSRV test on all the master data objects involved in the info-providers. Sometimes the issue lies in the SID values or the indexes built on the master data. Often, you can find garbage master data causing issues as well.

 

4. check if the report is giving problem only to your ID or only your system? try checking on other systems and ask you collegues to try with their ID.

 

5. Check the patch level of BEx software and GUI. Is it old? does it need to be upgraded?

 

6. If the error is occuring only in a partiular system then try to retransport all the objects in the Query. (structures of the multiproviders and their respective Cubes) If it's not production system then I guess you can drop data and reload from underlying DSO/data providers.

 

7. Check if there were any warnings displayed when you transported the Query or any other object that is involved in the query. Sometimes these mild harmless warning messages turn into real nightmare.

 

8. Check if you have any customer exit code in your query. any code that needs to be executed before selection screen is displayed . Check if CMOD code was moved to appropriate system.


9. Check if any notes that need to be applied to your system which are causing issues.

 

 

 

Hope this helps.

 

-Swati.

I have seen many questions in SDN Business explorer space regarding the display settings of Decimal points. This blog will explain these settings in detail.

 

Background:

In the BEx query designer, we can set the number of decimal places till which a Key figure will be displayed as output. These settings can be set for each key figure individually by selecting the keyfigure and going to ‘Display’ tab in ‘Properties’ section in the query designer.

 

Pic1.jpg

 

If the ‘Use Default Settings’ Checkbox is ticked then the no. of decimal places displayed will be determined from the Key figure info-object properties.

 

To view the default properties of the key-figure, go to the display of the info-object and in the ‘Additional Properties’ tab, you will able to see the default properties set for that key figure.

 

pic2.jpg

Problem Description:

As per business requirement, the no. of decimal places displayed should be 2 whereas the output of query displays 3 decimal points.

 

Solution:

Step 1: Go to the decimal settings in the Query designer as explained in background.

 

Step 2: Check if the ‘Number of Decimal Places’ dropdown has been set to 0.00 (as the requirement is set to display 2 decimal places)

 

Step 3: If not, then set it to display 2 decimal places as shown below.

 

pic3.jpg

Step 4: if yes, then check if the ‘Use Default Settings’ Checkbox is ticked as shown below.

 

pic4.jpg

Step 5: If yes, then uncheck the checkbox.

 

Now your BEx Designer settings are accurate to display the correct decimal places as set in the ‘Number of Decimal Places’ dropdown. It must have been displaying numbers upto 3 decimal places as per the default info-object settings for this key fogure as explained in background section.

 

For confirming, you can simply check the settings trough transaction RSA1 or RSD1.

 

Note:

Sometimes after an upgrade, the decimal settings are changed. For this issue refer to SAP Note.

Hello BW People!

 

Recently, here at Product Support, we have been informed by our development team that they had detected some BICS issues mainly in BW 7.40 SP 8 and SP 9.

 

They affect all the reporting tools which make BICS usage, such as WebI, Design Studio, Analysis for Office, BEx Web Java Runtime, etc.

 

Those issues are related to filters, hierarchy usage and variables. So, in case you have BW 7.40 and see any issues with filters not being applied, hierarchies not correctly displayed/validated in prompts/variable screen, variables not being filled or executed in case of customer exits, please take a look at the notes below.

 

 

NoteApplicable for BW 7.40 SP
2101236 - Missing data in query with artificial characteristic Currency/Unit789
2050425 - BICS: Dynamic filter missing and inconsistent state (N_SX_META_DATA)5678
2101188 - BICS: Filter on structure element is reset to initial selection789
2092810 - Filter variable on structure becomes ignored89
2064630 - BICS: Compoundment on Hierarchy Node Variable does not work5678
2096560 - BEx Web 7.40: Termination when using exceptions or conditions678910
2068075 - BICS: Values of exit variables remain empty after refresh6789
2052141 - Variable values not correctly resolved5678
2109550 - Bookmark deletes filter selection8910
2107060 - RSBOLAP: Correction for SAP Note 2065089 (reader reset)78910
2094538 - BICS: struc. member change after submit incomplete89

 

As clearly stated in SAP Note 2000326, please do apply these notes in any case, as they solve known issues and have no reported side effects.

 

With this you will avoid many known BICS issues that many times are not that easy to detect, trace and have a quick resolution, even with SAP Support help.

 

Kind Regards,
Marcio

     In some discussions, I realized that there is a need to define condition according to the value of a characteristic. It is very easy to deal with key figure values to create a condition, but when it comes to the characteristics, we need some work around.  In this blog I will discuss a few alternatives and I will try to explain the procedure for one of them with a small scenario.

 

Scenario:


     Suppose we have a scenario where we have material type, materials and their related prices. We want to apply a condition on material type. When material type is “A” we don’t want to show the list of materials with 0 price. But when the material type is something else, we need to show all materials in the BEx query result.

 

Alternative Ways:


1. Change in design of the model


We can create a new characteristic which will point out the records to be showed in the report. The data type may be char1 and in the transformation rule, we can assign   1 to the records that will be showed and 0 for the records which we don’t want to be in the query result. Then in the query designer we can simply apply a filter on this characteristic in the characteristic restrictions tab.

 

This is a solution where we are flexible with changes in the modelling side. In most of the situations, change to the model may not be feasible due to huge amount of data which cannot be reloaded.  There are also cases where the customers don’t prefer to change the model even without any reason! Then BI experts are restricted to find solution on BEx side.

 

2. Replacement Path Variables in BEx Query Design

 

We can use this approach only if we have the characteristic data type defined as numeric. With this approach, we can create a formula variable with replacement path where we get the key value of the characteristic. When we have this variable, we can use this variable in a formula to write an if-else statement.

 

This solution is also restricted with the data type of characteristic. If it is a char defined characteristic, this solution also becomes useless.

 

3. Creating calculated key figures and using conditions in BEx Query Design

 

With this approach we define a calculated key figure (CFK) to count the records we want to show in the query result. According to the value of this CKF, we define a condition to show the results.

 

When other approaches I mentioned above are inefficient, this solution is what we are left with. Now, I will go into details of this approach.

 

Suppose we have data:

 

Material

Material Type

Unit

Price

ABC129

A

USD

912

ABC128

A

USD

178

ABC127

A

USD

0

ABC126

A

USD

167

ABC125

A

USD

154

ABC124

A

USD

0

ABC123

A

USD

0

ABC135

B

USD

0

ABC134

B

USD

25

ABC133

B

USD

0

ABC132

B

USD

266

ABC131

B

USD

187

ABC130

B

USD

644

 

          We want to show the all records of material type B, but we also want to hide 0 prices for material type A. The final report should look like this way:

 

Material

Material Type

Unit

Price

ABC129

A

USD

912

ABC128

A

USD

178

ABC126

A

USD

167

ABC125

A

USD

154

ABC135

B

USD

0

ABC134

B

USD

25

ABC133

B

USD

0

ABC132

B

USD

266

ABC131

B

USD

187

ABC130

B

USD

644

 

          We create query on the infoprovider adding material to rows and price to columns.

 

1.JPG

     Then we create two calculated key figures to count the number of materials we want to include for each material type. We want to show the materials where price is greater than 0 for material type A and all of the materials type B. The first CKF will count the number of all materials where the price has a value.

 

2.JPG

 

     In the aggregation tab we select counter for all detailed values that are not zero, null or error:

 

3.JPG

     We create another CKF to calculate the number of all materials whatever the price is. The same way we add price to the general tab and select counter for all detailed values in the aggregation tab:



4.JPG


5.JPG


     At the next step we use these CKFs. We can either create a selection or a Restricted Key Figure (RKF) for this purpose. We add the CKF where all materials are counted and restrict the material type to type “A”:


6.JPG


     The same we create another selection (or RKF)


7.JPG


     Now when we run this query we will see that in each of the row we want to show, either type A >0 column is 1 or type B all prices is 1:


8.JPG


     At this point we are successfull to eliminate 0 values in type A. The remaining procedure will include adding a formula to sum up the two columns type –A>0 and Type-B all prices. And then we can add a condition on this new formula:


9.JPG


     Now we have the report shown as:


10.JPG

     When we create the condition:


11.JPG


     And we make sure that we don’t suppress zeros in the query properties:


12.JPG


     We hide the formula and selections:


13.JPG


And when we run the report we get:

14.JPG


We can use this procedure in all cases where we can count the number of detailed records.

 

            Hope it helps

 

Regards

 

Yasemin Uluturk




This post is about geovisualization and spatial analysis of BEx data with SAP BusinessObjects BI Location Intelligence.

SAP BusinessObjects BI Location Intelligence is a geomapping extension for SAP BI (See SAP website).

 

We are going to see how to get the following map:

This post is specific to SAP Webi on BW/BEx.

You can look at this post to get a similar topic specific to geomapping with Design Studio:

Interested in Location Analytics for Design Studio? Take a look at this blog

It is assumed that 80% of enterprise data is geo-located and this will increase in the future with mobility, Internet of Things, and smart grids amongst other factors.


So what is a geolocated data

The most common geolocated data is a point location with Latitude/Longitude coordinates.

Note that coordinates can be defined according to different coordinate systems such as Lat/long in degrees and X/Y in meters just to give a couple examples.

Geolocated data can also be related to geographical areas such as zip code, counties, administrative boundaries or your own business location such as your points of sale, territories, technical assets or networks.

If you have the above type of data in your BW/BEx systems, you should be interested by this post.


Let's see how we can leverage this data through the power of SAP BI 4.x Web Intelligence and its Location Intelligence extension.

 

Step1- Build your Webi document using a BEx query


Here is a broad overview as the purpose of this post is not to go into the complex details. Refer to the following document to get more information about this:

http://help.sap.com/businessobject/product_guides/boexir4/en/xi4sp7_bex_queries_en.pdf

 

1. Build a BEx query with location lat/long coordinates and associated business measures.

This is done in SAP BEx Query Designer.

Check that your lat/long coordinates consist of numerical data.

 

2. Define a BICS connection to your BEx query

This can be done in the SAP BusinessObjects CMC or in the SAP BusinessObjects Information Design Tool.

You can define a connection to a single BEx query or to an InfoProvider containing several BEx queries.

 

 

3. Create a Web Intelligence query on your BEx query

  • Go and connect to the SAP BusinessObjects BI Launchpad
  • Create a new Webi document using the Rich Internet Application client

 

4. Add the appropriate data in your Webi query

  • Open the query panel to access the BEx query data
  • Add the lat/long coordinates and the required business measures
  • Add prompts / filters according business needs
  • Test your query to check that you get one record per location with coordinates and measures
  • Save and close your Webi document

 

And now, let's go for geomaps!

 

Step2- Add a geomap in our Webi report

 

1. Open your Webi report with the HTML Viewer (See user preferences)

 

2. Insert a map container in your report

  • Add a blank cell in your report
  • Define its size and properties according online help

 

Your report should look like this:

 

3. Go to the Cartography menu and choose Map Document:

 

4. Define the different settings in the map wizard below:

  • Choose a cartographic view among the ones made available by the administrator
  • Choose the viewer to use (Flex for advanced use, HTML5 for more intuitive UX)
  • Choose your Query with BEx data in the pick list
  • Choose the fields to use for X/Y coordinates

 

5. Submit your settings and refresh your Webi report to display the map

 

6. It's time to visualize your business data on your map

  • Go to the Menu Layers
  • Open the Thematic Manager
  • Add a Layer
  • Define the settings of the map visualization (Business measure, color, size...) in the following wizard

 

  • Apply to see the map as below:

 

 

In conclusion, you can get more insight on your BW/BEx data with dynamic geovisualization by taking advantage of the power of Webi and its Location Intelligence extension

Have a look on the new map we've got in a few seconds!

Just have refreshed the Webi query and subsequent BEx data and changed the background map and the visualization settings to a heatmap.

 

Bookmarks are saved navigational states of a Web application.In the bookmark functional area of the Reporting Agent,

one can manage the bookmarks created in the system for all BW system users.

Many a times we do not require the bookmarks and it needs to be reorganized or deleted.

 

Creation of Bookmarks in BI system:-

  •    in BEx Web Analyzer
  •    once you personalize a web application
  •    using Bookmark function in the context menu of a web application.

 

Reorganization of BookMark : -

 

we can follow below simple steps to reorganize bookmarks :-

 

1. Go to SA38

 

2. Run the report :-RSWR_BOOKMARK_REORG
1.png

3. you get the below screen to fill the details


General Criteria

 

Created by User: You can enter the user name .

Time of Attachment: Enter the timeframe.

 

Bookmark Points to Following Object

Type: Choose the basis of bookmark e.g a report, a query view etc

Technical ID: technical name of web template


1.png

 

 

4. Once you fill the details and execute it, gives you list of bookmarks , you can choose from to delete:-

 

 

1.png

 

we can delete/reorg the bookmark from Broadcasting tab of RSA1 as well.

 

we need to go to RSA1-->Administration -->Broadcasting --> Reorganization -->Bookmarks

 

 

1.png

then we choose bookmark:-

 

1.png

then we fill the no. of days  for deletion and reorg. and simulate in "Test Call".

 

1.png

 

it displays the simulated results of what it will do :-

 

 

1.png

you can confirm and re-run it by unchecking the "TestCall" for deletion.

Hope this helps you in deleting/reorganizing your bookmarks.

 

cheers,

vinay singh

Hi Folks,

 

This is my first blog post in SDN and I want to share a simple Bex trick with you. Some of you might already know it.

 

Background:

 

while creating a BEx query, we often want to use the variables that are already available and ready for use. It is always recommened to re-use the objects instead of creating new ones. These re-usable objects may or may not be created by you or your collegues and you may want to confirm there behavior before you use them in your query. Sometimes its tricky to find which variable suits your requirements best, as you wouldn't know the purpose of all variables available for a certain characteristic. Here, you must note that for all the standard variables, SAP has mentioned their properties in description itself. However, if that not how your custom variable's description is mainatined as per given naming convetion then one needs to look at the properties of the variable to determine its behaviour.

 

The general way to check the Re-usability of a variable is to check the property of the variable and mostly its done by getting the required characteristic in the filter area, right click -> Restrict -> Variables. when the list of all variables on that characteristic is displayed then we select it and click on option 'Edit Variable' to see the properties.

 

Bex_Variable_edit.JPG

 

Problem Definition:

 

Here, theres a chance of altering the Variable values unknowningly, which will lead to change the behaviour of the variable across all queries.

 

Sometimes, we might not even have the authorization to go in the Edit variable mode. Finding out the variable properties becoms difficult in this case.

 

Solution:

 

so simpler way to check the variable properties without going in change mode is as follows.

 

in the infoprovider pane, expand on dimensions to the characteristic that you need.

Expand the characteristic further and you will see below 3 options, which can be further expanded.

 

1. Attributes

2. Characteristic Value variables

3. Characteristic values

 

Expand node 'Characteristic Value variables' and you will be able to see list of all the variables for that characteristic.

 

click on any variable and you will be able to see it's properties in the properties pane on the right had side of your Bex Query designer.

 

variable Properties.JPG

 

Here, you will be able to see all the properties of your desired Variable with ease and also they not in edit mode.

 

One more ease is in terms of checking out multiple variables.

 

 

Hope this helps you.

 

 

-Swati Gawade.

Hi All,

 

Here is my first blog post ..


As SAP suggested few safety belt s-notes to avoid server(JAVA stack) crashes and improve the fastness of server.

 

Many end users will run the BEx reports without filter or will run entire year data, in this cases, server will go slower or will create issues(slowness) for  other end users when they try to execute reports in portal. For avoid those issues - go below

 

Set Bex report execution limitation in Portal:

By default Bex report execution cell  limit is 10,00,000. This has to set lower(based on client requirement. Example 650000 cells

Check default settings in below table.

 

Se16>> table “ RSADMIN “ execute.  (If don’t have any setting’s for

BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_DEF or BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_MAX  please set )

 

Diff b/w DEF and MAX:   DEF – when the user ran the report,  limitation is DEF number. If the user wants to extend the cell limit, end users can increase MAX limit by clicking SETTINGS option.

 

Set values:  se38 >> programe SAP_RSADMIN_MAINTAIN >> execute (F8) then provide the parameters

BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_DEF = 500000 cells

BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_MAX  = 650000 cells then OK. We can modify also my clicking modify if wants to change the cell limit.

 

Portal execution limit msg.jpg

 

entend limit in web.jpg

 

 

For more details see s-note: 1127156

 

Set BEx report download to Excel/PDF limitation in Portal:


These limitations enhance the above settings.

The memory consumption may be larger for the export to Excel or to PDF than for the execution in the Web; therefore, a lower value can be specified as the safety belt for Excel and PDF.

BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_XLS =300000

BICS_DA_RESULT_SET_LIMIT_PDF = 300000

Execution default limit is 500000 and Max limit is 650000 in portal but download to excel/pdf is 300000 cells only if we set XLS and PDF setting in RSADMIN table.

 

Message when Excel limit cross.

 

excel.jpg

After Open Excel:

 

excel mesg.jpg

 

 

Message when PDF limit cross.


pdf.jpg



pdf msg.jpg


For more details see s-note: 1622134

 

 

Set report execution limitation in BEx Analyzer:


We know BEx reports can execute in Web and Analyzer.

We discussed web Safety belt setting in above. Below Analyzer settings.

 

ANALYZER_LIMIT_DEF: The default number of maximum cells if no further setting is specified. The default number can be overwritten locally in BEx Analyzer for each data provider.

ANALYZER_LIMIT_MAX: the absolute maximum number of cells (see below). The maximum number cannot be overwritten in BEx Analyzer.


ANALYZER_LIMIT_DEF=500000

ANALYZER_LIMIT_MAX = 750000


Message when cross limit:

Analyzer msg.jpg

For more details see s-note: 0001411545


How to select Max limit in Analyzer


After executing the report in Analyzer click the workbook settings as shown below for increasing the MAX limit. Increasing MAX limit is report specific.

 

Analyzer prop.jpg

Data Provider >> Properties

propertes.jpg

 


cell limit inc.jpg


Thanks

Nageswara Polaka


How to perform integration tests of BEx Analyzer Workbooks and the corresponding queries?

 

We have all encountered this problem - new support packages are installed, changes are made to your BW production system and you are tasked with manually testing all your BEx workbooks to make sure that nothing is broken. This is a task which can easily take many hours or days and you can never guarantee that you did not overlook some query or query condition.

 

 

The solution

 

To help you in automating these integration testing tasks, there is a new product on the market: BExTest.

 

bextest1.png

In BExTest, you can define a set of BI queries and accompaning filter conditions.

These test sets can then be executed with two different test methods:

 

  • The queryies are executed and then compared to a stored set of query result files.
  • They are executed against two different environments, e.g. your production and your testing environment to see if there are any differences between the results (that works of course only if the underlying data are the same).

 

Differences in the tests are highlighted and you get a verdict of Fail or Pass of your test run.

The queries are either executed by using the SAP webservice QUERY_VIEW_DATA or by controlling your BEx analyzer directly.

 

Because for every query the query response time is displayed, the tool is also suitable for repeated performance tests.

 

A command line client for windows is also available to run these integration tests automatically and to integrate BExTest to an existing automated test tool.

 

And there is a free evaluation version available, no registration needed!

 

 

What is your impression? Comments, questions and feature requests are welcome!

Purpose: Making data available from BW system to another system is common and regular activity.

 

When extracting data from Report or any other sources we may have negative values like 100- , while updating same data to flat files , we may have requirement inverse negative values from 200- to -200.

 

Here is the solution.

 

  1. Drag the report
  2. Add ROUTINE transformation
  3. Connect report to ROUTINE transformation
  4. Double click on ROUTINE transformation add required fields from Field List to Source Flds
  5. In TargetFlds Tab add one extra column along with normal amount filed. Here SIGN_AMT type 0txtlg

 

Untitled.png

  1. Write code as like below in ROUTINE tab of ROUTINE transformation.

DATA:


ls_source TYPE y_source_fields,
ls_target
TYPE y_target_fields,

   res_amt(60) type c.

 

 

LOOP AT it_source INTO ls_source.

if ls_source-amount lt 0.
clear: res_amt.

res_amt = ls_source-amount * -1.
concatenate '-' res_amt into
ls_target
-sign_amt.

CONDENSE ls_target-sign_amt NO-GAPS.
else.

 

ls_target-sign_amt = ls_source-amount.
CONDENSE ls_target-sign_amt NO-GAPS.
endif.

 

    APPEND ls_target TO et_target.
ENDLOOP.

 

Note:

 

  1. You have to assign remaining fields source to target
  2. Create target like Direct DSO or flat file and connect ROUTINE transformation to data target
  3. Execute APD

 

 

 

Thank you,

Nanda

In many BI projects it is necessary to create a custom hierarchy either by combining several logically linked characteristics, or by creating a subset hierarchy (diluted hierarchy according to business rules).

 

One of the ways to do it is to use an enhancement RSAP0001 with EXIT_SAPLRSAP_004 component in ZXRSAU04 include.

 

Here, after CASE/WHEN “8DATA_SOURCE_NAME”, we can place an ABAP coding which builds a hierarchy according to our logic (sure, important prerequisite is to generate export data source in RSA1 for the characteristic).

 

If our coding is OK and the hierarchy was created successfully - well done.

 

But if something was wrong (dump, errors, erroneous hierarchy structure) we would want to debug the coding.

 

Setting any breakpoint in ZXRSAU04 (hard-coded BREAK-POINT, using checkpoint, setting external breakpoint) doesn’t bring us to debugger session.

 

In this article I will explain one of the ways to debug ZXRSAU04 exit.

 

First, go to SE38 and show the report SAPLRSAP.

1.png

 

Then, go to include LRSAPF06 to the line 475.

In the line 475 we can see customer function ‘004’ is called – that is a call to EXIT_SAPLRSAP_004, so put an external breakpoint here.

2.png

 

It is possible that line number may vary depending on your system version, so, if there is no such call in the line 475, just try to search it around.

 

Then execute an info package which loads a custom hierarchy from "8DATA_SOURCE_NAME" (debugger still doesn’t called).

 

After the info package load was finished go to SM37, find your job (should have prefix BIREQU_*), check the line, write in transaction line JDBG and press enter.

3.png

Debugger will appear.

4.png

 

Press F8 and you will get to your breakpoint.

5.png

 

Finally, press F5 will get you into your ABAP coding.

 

Nice debugging

Customer Exit OLAP Variables require ABAP coding which often can be found in a single INCLUDE program ZXRSRU01 as part of legacy Enhancement RSR00001 (a.k.a. Customer Exit EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001). Usually the INCLUDE program becomes bigger and bigger. Moreover, various people and/or project teams are working in the same place. You can imagine that it is dangerous because one programming or transport sequence mistake can destabilize the entire system. The solution is encapsulation of the coding of individual variables and you will need a framework to realize it.

In this blog I would like to discuss the latest enhancement technology to be used. Moreover, I will present an alternative approach for implementing a framework and the advantages it can offer you.

Please refer to my document Implementing Framework for Customer Exit OLAP Variables for a detailed step-by-step instruction for implementing the framework.

New Enhancement Spot

In SAP BW release 7.3 a new Enhancement Spot RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT for Customer Exit OLAP Variables was introduced. It contains BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI which can be impemented multiple times using an appropriate filter. It also contains a default implementation SMOD_EXIT_CALL to call program ZXRSRU01 as part of legacy Enhancement RSR00001.

I can recommend reading blog New BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI (7.3) for more detailed information. Although it is a big improvement, I would like to suggest a more sophisticated approach to take the encapsulation to the next level.

Framework

My alternative approach indirectly uses standard SAP’s new BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI. Instead of implementing this BAdI for every new variable, I introduce an intermediate layer: a new custom Enhancement Spot YBW_OLAP_VAR with 4 BAdIs (corresponding to the processing steps). The following 4 BAdI Definitions are available:

 

  • YBW_OLAP_VAR_BEFORE_POPUP - OLAP Customer Exit Variables - Before Popup (i_step = 1);
  • YBW_OLAP_VAR_AFTER_POPUP - OLAP Customer Exit Variables - After Popup (i_step = 2);
  • YBW_OLAP_VAR_VALIDATION - OLAP Customer Exit Variables - Validation (i_step = 3);
  • YBW_OLAP_VAR_AUTHORIZATION - OLAP Customer Exit Variables - Authorization (i_step = 0).

 

Only once BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI will be implemented in a generic way. Here the respective BAdI implementation will be called dynamically according to the processing step and filter on variable name (except processing step 3 where I propose to filter on query name).

Rationale

The main reason for implementing such a framework is achieving a safer system that is much better/easier to manage and support. The main advantages are in my opinion:

 

  • Every BAdI implementation is independent of all others, the encapsulated pieces of coding (residing in their own implementing class) can be maintained and transported independently and therefore eliminating risks which can destabilize the system;
  • The BAdI implementation is filtered on variable name (except processing step 3 where I propose to filter on query name), only one BAdI implementation will be processed every time;
  • The BAdI implementations are grouped by processing step (i.e. before pop-up, after pop-up, etc.) which increases transparency;
  • There is no need anymore to program a filter on variable name (CASE I_VNAM. etc.) and the processing step (e.g. IF I_STEP = 1.) in a nested way, the framework is taking care of that and contains appropriate error handling;
  • The Enhancement Spot technology is the latest and way forward technology for enhancing the system, it's using ABAP-OO programming technology and can optionally (not mandatory) be combined with the Switch Framework, you can find more information in the blog Simplify & structure your Enhancements by using Switchable Kernel BAdIs.

Migration

Most likely you are not working in an empty greenfield SAP BW system and you might find a considerable implemention effort in INCLUDE program ZXRSRU01 and/or any preceding framework (e.g. using Function Modules). If you decide to switch over to a new way-of-working, you will not be able to migrate all existing content in one go. Usually you will migrate gradually using a “phase in, phase out” approach. In other words, the legacy implementation and the new implementation have to live together in the same system for the time being.

This is possible but one “hidden” aspect will pop up as soon as you will create your first new implementation. The standard SAP BAdI implementation SMOD_EXIT_CALL will not be called anymore. This implementation is used to call INCLUDE program ZXRSRU01 as part of Enhancement RSR00001. Since this implementation is flagged as a “default implementation”, it will not be called as soon as any normal implementation is found.

The solution is creating another RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI implementation which replaces the SMOD_EXIT_CALL implementation. It must be an exact copy of the standard SAP implementation so that it will call the legacy implementation in the same way.

You can find more information in blog Coexistence of BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI and Customer-Exit EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001.

Conclusion

In this blog we discussed a new way of implementing Customer Exit OLAP Variables. The framework consists of an intermediate layer: a custom Enhancement Spot and 4 BAdIs which correspond to the processing step. The respective BAdI will be called dynamically using a single generic implementation of standard SAP BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI. After an overview of the advantages of such an approach, we discussed the topic migration that is applicable in almost all cases.

If you are interested to know all about it, please refer to my document Implementing Framework for Customer Exit OLAP Variables. Here I will share with you detailed technical instructions how to implement such a framework.

Issue:

 

I have ZGL_ACCNT with two compounding object 1 Chart of accounts 2 Logical Source System.

 

Created variable and using in BEx Report.

 

As per my requirement I need restrict F4 values for G/L Account variable specific to Chart of accounts.

 

Ex

 

P Table

 

GGL Account     Chart of Accounts          Source System

123                    A                                   ABC

123                    B                                   ABC

 

 

As per my requirement I need to show F4 values for chart of accounts 'A'.

 

 

So, implemented BADI using RSR_VARIABLE_F4_RESTRICT_BADI enhancement and written SELECT statement pull only where Char of accounts equal to 'A' and filling C_T_RANGE.

 

In C_T_RANGE I am able see only 123 and A record.(In Debug)

 

If I execute report and press F4 I am able see 123 A and 123 B also, I am wondering how 123 B is coming since i filled C_T_RANGE table with 123 A.

 

Finally I am not able to meet customer requirement ,

 

Here is the solution , you may found number of documents how to create(http://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/scn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/4009b0a8-7adc-2e10-48b3-a111c8f407af?QuickLink=index&…) RSR_VARIABLE_F4_RESTRICT_BADI along with that we need add below piece of code to work as expected like 123 A as per above example, while working with compounding objects.



LOOP AT t_zgl_accnt INTO w_zgl_accnt.

 

           l_s_range-iobjnm = i_iobjnm. "ZGL_ACCNT

           l_s_range-sign = 'I'.

           l_s_range-option = 'EQ'.

           l_s_range-low = w_zgl_accnt-zgl_accnt.

           APPEND l_s_range TO c_t_range.

 

           l_s_range-iobjnm = 'ZCHRT_ACC' ." Char of accounts.

           l_s_range-sign = 'I'.

           l_s_range-option = 'EQ'.

           l_s_range-low = w_zgl_accnt-zchrt_acc.

           APPEND l_s_range TO c_t_range.

 

           l_s_range-iobjnm = 'ZSOSYS' ." Logical source system

           l_s_range-sign = 'I'.

           l_s_range-option = 'EQ'.

           l_s_range-low = w_zgl_accnt-ZSOSYS.

           APPEND l_s_range TO c_t_range.

 

          ENDLOOP.

 

Note: Need to add all compounding objects for C_T_RANGE, here chart of accounts and logical source system, adding to C_T_RANGE even though not required for user then only data will restrict and display when you press F4 as expected.

 

Thank you,

Nanda

 

 

 

 




The original blog can be found here: ekessler.de

 

In this blog I would like to try some clarity in the processing of exit variables (EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001) to bring. The emerged with BW 7.30 BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI has to deal with Exit variable not exactly simplified. In addition, the BAdI is unfortunately not documented in the SAP Help. Furthermore, it has now also changed 60 with the 7.4 domain RSCHAVL of CHAR to SSTRING.


All exit variables described here are used to the range of values of a report limit or expand the scope of permissions. In addition, the properties described here by Exit variables for Exit variables are to be used as part of the staging in DTP's or InfoPackages.


First, however, let us first of all deal with the different types of exit variables and their processing order.


1.1      Variablentypen


If I talk about exit variables I distinguish the following types of use:

  • Ready for input
  • Not ready for input
  • Use for authorization or staging


Ready for input variables come then to use if the user should be given the opportunity to influence the outcome report individually. The basic concept of an input-ready variables provides the user determines the value for the variable, and the value could not be changed by internal processing processes (customer exit). In section 1.3, "Overriding input values", I describe how this concept can be bypassed and the user-entered value of an input-ready variables in the customer exit can be overwritten.


Reday for input variables would be processed in I_STEP = 1 and I_STEP = 3, see Section 1.2 "processing steps (I_STEP)".


Not ready for input variables come then to use if the value is to be determined by rules. Here rules are often defined (implemented) in which the variable values for input-ready variables not depending on ready for input variables are determined.

 

Not ready for input variables would be processed in I_STEP = 1 and I_STEP = 2, see Section 1.2 "processing steps (I_STEP)".


Exit variables can also be used as part of authorization or to staging. At exit variables that must be considered are used here, that there is no interaction with a user is usually held. This means here is the processing order another.


Therefore, it must be ensured here that combinations as ready for input, mandatory and no default value (Default value) that cause a variable dialog is needed. Process of staging (DTP, InfoPackage) are usually scheduled processes in place that are executed by background-users.


Variables of usage authorization and staging are processed only in I_STEP = 0, see Section 1.2 "processing steps (I_STEP)".


1.2 Processing steps (I_STEP)


Exit variables depending on the usage and purpose in one or more steps, the I_STEP's processed. In the section "Dependencies for Variables of Type Customer Exit" the SAP Help the I_STEP's are briefly explained. The description in the online help is unfortunately incomplete and omitted entirely on examples. Therefore, I will briefly explain each step again using examples.


1.2.1 Authorization and Staging (I_STEP = 0)


In I_STEP = 0 exit variables are processed in the authorization and are used in staging. Figure 1.1 shows the use of an exit variables within the authorization. For the processing of exit variables within the entitlement only the I_STEP = 0 is traversed.

 

Figure_1_1.jpg

Figure 1.1: Exit variables within the authorization


Figure 1.2 shows the use of an exit variables in staging the example of selection within an InfoPackage.

Figure_1_2.jpg

Figure 1.2: Exit variables within the Staging

 

1.2.2 Initialization (I_STEP = 1)


The I_STEP = 1 is used for initialization of variables and exit is run separately for each exit variable. In the first stage the input-ready variables and then not ready for input variables are processed, see Figure 1.7. (The order could be differ, depends on the release (here BW 7.31 SP06)!)


Figure 1.3 shows a typical example of initializing an input-ready variables. The variable is initialized with the current month of last year.

 

Figure_1_3.jpg

Figure 1.3: Initialization

 

1.2.3 Derivation of variable values (I_STEP = 2)

 

The I_STEP = 2 is used to derive the values for the non-input-ready variables Exit. Again, the variables are processed separately analogous to I_STEP = 1. To derive the values for non-input-ready variables Exit all previously detected variable values in the parameter I_T_VAR_RANGE available. In section 1.3, "Overriding values entered" I describe as well as input-ready variables can be processed here.

 

Figure 1.4 shows how the current variable (examination of the variable name is not shown here), the value is derived based on the value of the variable ZTKE_MONTH.

 

Figure_1_4.jpg

Figure 1.4: Derivation of variables

 

1.2.4 validation (I_STEP = 3)

 

The I_STEP = 3 is used to validate all recorded variables. In I_STEP = 3 all previously recorded values in the parameter I_T_VAR_RANGE are testing and validation.

 

The I_T_VAR_RANGE parameter contains only the variables that contain a value. That is here are the only variables included:

  • value set by default value or
  • value set by an implementation (I_STEP = 1 or I_STEP = 3) or
  • user entered a value in the variable dialog

 

In I_STEP = 3 can not be changed, the values of the individual variables. It is possible to generate messages which would be display with the report-result or the variable dialog. In the event that the validation of the variables means that it makes no sense to run the report by throwing an exception (RAISE EXCEPTION) to prevent the report is run. The exception means that the user re-enters the values in the variables dialog.

 

Figure 1.5 shows the values for the two variables ZYEARFROM and ZYEARTO determined and then compared as in I_STEP = 3. If the FROM value greater than TO value of a message is issued and using the RAISE statement wrong_value prevents the report is run. The user has the opportunity to correct the value in the variable dialog.

 

Figure_1_5.jpg

Figure 1.5: Validation - Customer Exit

 

Figure 1.6 shows similar to the example in Figure 1.5, as in the object-oriented context to run the report can be prevented. The exception must be thrown here in the object-oriented context.

 

Figure_1_6.jpg

Figure 1.6: Validation - BAdI

 

1.3 Execution Order of I_STEP

 

Figure 1.7 shows the sequence in which the individual's I_STEP under a BEx reports. I distinguish the two phases:

  • Präparation (preparation phase) and
  • Validierung (Validation Phase)

 

The I_STEP's the preparation phase are run before the variable dialogue and I_STEP's validation phase will only go through if the values of the input-ready variables change in the variables dialog.

 

Figure_1_7.jpg

Figure 1.7: Processing of exit variables (I_STEP's)

 

That is the calling SAP standard processing procedure initially assumes that the user accepts the default values of the variables dialog without changing. In this case, the validation phase is not run again!

 

The process steps of the validation phase will only go through if the values in the dialog variables were changed by the user.

 

1.4 Processing of process variables Exit

 

With BW 7.3 the BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI was introduced and presented to the customer exit EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001. The blog Coexistence of BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI and Customer-Exit EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001 shows how the BAdI and the customer exit behave in a BW 7.3 system.

 

Figure 1.8 shows the individual processing blocks which are executed as part of the variable processing of exit variables.

 

Figure_1_8.jpg

Figure 1.8: Variables processing

 

The standard processing process first checks whether an active BAdI implementation by Type RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI is available. As a filter value here, the technical name of the InfoObject is used on the exit variable based currently being processed. From a technical perspective, this test is performed within the function block RRS_VAR_EXIT via GET BADI.

 

The blog New BAdI RSROA_VARIABLES_EXIT_BADI describes the manufacturing process of the BAdI's in the details.

 

1.5 Overriding input values

 

The basic principle for input-ready variables was initially that user entered values can not be overwritten. An input-ready variable is not processed by default after the variable dialog as a single variable.

 

In I_STEP = 3, the variable can indeed be validated but not be changed. If it is determined during validation that the user entered value is not meaningful, in the I_STEP = 3 is a message that the user generated informed. In addition, an exception will be thrown. The exception ensures that the variables dialog appears again.

 

With the introduction of the parameter E_CHECK_AGAIN (see Note 1272242 - Renewed Variablenverprobung in I_STEP = 2), the concept was canceled. The parameter allows the developer to the user-entered value of an input-ready variables after the variable dialog in I_STEP = 2 to overwrite as needed.

 

As described in Section 1.2 "processing steps (I_STEP)" input-ready variables only in I_TEP = 1 and I_STEP = 3 processed, the value only in I_STEP = 1 changes (initialiesiert) can be. To ensure that an input-ready variables in I_STEP = 2 is again processed must be in I_STEP = 1 for this variable is the export parameters E_CHECK_AGAIN (E_CHECK_AGAIN = 'X') are set. If the parameter is set E_CHECK_AGAIN so this is ready for input variable is processed into a not ready for input variables in I_STEP = 2 analogous to the variables dialog.

 

 

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