In normal business, we may decide to source our selling products from group companies to cover excess demand, or to optimally use excess capacities of group plants. When we source our selling product from a plant of another company within the group, we can use inter-company billing and generate required documents for both selling company and supplying company.
We assign plant of other company code to designated sales area (distribution channel for inter-company sales) of our company code, and we can use standard SAP inter-company pricing for the same. Here we can specify any special prices applicable via condition types IV01 & IV02. There are condition types PI01/02 which serve as reference condition types for IV01/02.
IV01 & IV02 are used with subtotal 9 (gross value) and routine 22 (inter-company billing) as shown below.
Now, we will look at two company codes 1002 & 3000. Go to IMG-->Sales & Distribution --> Billing --> Intercompany Billing
First, we define order types for inter-company billing. Specify IV (standard billing document type) in required sales document type inVOV8.
or IMG-->Sales & Distribution --> Billing --> Intercompany Billing --> Define order types for inter-company billing
Here, I have assigned 2010 plant (company code 3000) to sales area 3031/71/00(company code 3000) for internal costing.
I have created a customer id (XD01) in 1002 and assigned the same to the sales organization of 1002. This customer id will be payer & represent 1002 for inter-company billing of plant. IMG-->Sales & Distribution --> Billing --> IntercompanyBilling --> Define internal customer number by sales org
Customer places an order on company code 1002. 1002 decides to deliver from plant 2010 belonging to company code (3000). I have created normal sales order and saved. Inventory postings for the delivery are in plant 2010 & company code 3000. Further, two billing documents are generated with reference to the same delivery document. Document flow is as under:
First billing document created in company code 1002 and payer is customer.
Create second invoice with reference to the same delivery document number. This second invoice is the inter-company billing document created in company code 3000 and here payer is the first company (1002 here) for sales area 3031/71/00. Price (IV01) will be active for inter-co bill where as PR00 will be active for customer bill.
Related accounting documents & excise documents can be generated as per pricing procedure with reference to respective billing documents.