6 Replies Latest reply: Dec 22, 2010 2:54 PM by Rohit Verma RSS

what is open dataset in abap

Laxman Sankhla
Currently Being Moderated

what is open dataset in abap

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    Currently Being Moderated

    <b>Open dataset statement is used either to download or upload a file from or onto application server</b> ...

     

     

    Check these out for the same

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/file/file_downloadsap.htm

     

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/file/file_uptabsap.htm

     

    Regards,

    Santosh

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    Eswar Rao Boddeti
    Currently Being Moderated

    OPEN DATASET, is to open a file in application server.

     

    We can open a file in application server to READ or WRITE or APPEND data.

     

    Below extract the documenation can easily help you understand the same:

     

    OPEN DATASET

     

     

    Basic form 1

    OPEN DATASET dsn.

     

     

    Extras:

    1a. ... FOR INPUT

     

    1b. ... FOR OUTPUT

     

    1c. ... FOR APPENDING

     

    1d. ... FOR UPDATE

     

     

    2a. ... IN BINARY MODE

     

    2b. ... IN TEXT MODE [ENCODING (DEFAULT|UTF-8|NON-UNICODE)]

     

    2c. ... IN LEGACY BINARY MODE [(BIG|LITTLE) ENDIAN] [CODE PAGE cp]

     

    2d. ... IN LEGACY TEXT MODE [(BIG|LITTLE) ENDIAN] [CODE PAGE cp]

     

     

    3. ... REPLACEMENT CHARACTER rc

     

    4. ... IGNORING CONVERSION ERRORS

     

     

    5. ... AT POSITION p

     

     

    6. ... TYPE c

     

    7. ... MESSAGE m

     

    8. ... FILTER f

     

     

     

    In some cases, the syntax rules that apply to Unicode programs are different than those for non-Unicode programs. For details see the section File Interface.

     

    Effect

    Opens the specified file. If you do not specify a directory, the system uses the directory defined in the profile parameter DIR_HOME.

     

    In programs without active Unicode check, the file is opened for reading in binary mode if you do not use any additions for OPENDATASET. To ensure downward compatibility with Releases <= 4.6, file names containing blanks are truncated at the position of the first blank.

     

    In programs with active Unicode check, you must specify the access type (such as ... FOR INPUT, ... FOR OUTPUT, and so on) and the mode (such as ... IN TEXT MODE, ... IN BINARY MODE, and so on). If the file is opened using ... IN TEXT MODE, you must still use the addition ... ENCODING. If the Unicode check is enabled, it is possible to use file names containing blanks. Applying OPEN DATASET to a file already opened - in the same internal mode - triggers an exception of the type CX_SY_FILE_OPEN.

     

    The Return Code is set as follows:

     

     

     

    SY-SUBRC = 0:

    The file was opened.

    SY-SUBRC = 8:

    The file could not be opened.

     

     

    Example

    DATA:

      dsn(20) TYPE C VALUE '/usr/test.dat',

      rec(80) TYPE C.

     

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR INPUT IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

    IF sy-subrc <> 0.

      EXIT.

    ENDIF.

     

    READ DATASET dsn INTO rec.

    WHILE sy-subrc <> 0.

      WRITE / rec.   READ DATASET dsn INTO rec.

    ENDWHILE.

     

    CLOSE DATASET dsn.

     

     

     

    The system opens the file test.dat in the directory usr of the application server and reads it line by line.

     

     

     

     

     

    Notes

    The system must be able to reach the file from the current application server. You cannot edit files from the current presentation server. If you need to do this, use the function modules GUI_DOWNLOAD and GUI_UPLOAD.

     

    The form of the file name depends on the underlying operating system. To make your programs portable to different operating systems, use the function module FILE_GET_NAME, which returns the system-dependent name for an abstract file name. You can define file names using the transaction FILE.

     

    The system automatically performs an authorization check. If this check fails, a runtime error occurs. You can prevent this by checking the authorization in advance using the function module AUTHORITY_CHECK_DATASET.

     

     

     

    Note

    Access rights to files:

    When you create a file, it is created under the user name used to start the SAP System. This is not usually the name of the current user. To allow the system to create files, you must assign write authorization to the user name of the SAP System in the relevant directory.

     

     

     

    Addition 1a

    ... FOR INPUT

     

     

    Effect

    OPEN ... FOR INPUT opens the file in read mode.

     

    If the file does not exist, OPEN ... FOR INPUT fails with Return Code SY-SUBRC = 8.

     

    Note

    If OPEN DATASET is not executed in a Unicode program and if the user has write authorization for the file, the file is opened in read and write mode. Otherwise, it is only opened in read mode.

     

     

     

    Addition 1b

    ... FOR OUTPUT

     

     

    Effect

    OPEN ... FOR OUTPUT opens the file in write mode.

     

    If the file already exists, its existing content is deleted. If the file does not exist, the system creates it.

     

     

     

    Addition 1c

    ... FOR APPENDING

     

     

    Effect

    OPEN ... FOR APPENDING opens the file in append mode.

     

    If the file already exists, its contents are retained, and the system moves to the end of the file. If the file does not exist, the system creates it. If the file was already open, the system moves to the end of the file.

     

     

     

    Note

    When you open a file using FOR APPENDING, READDATASET always returns Return Code SY-SUBRC = 4 which is used to display the end of the file.

     

     

     

    Addition 1d

    ... FOR UPDATE

     

     

    Effect

    OPEN ... FOR UPDATE opens the file in read and write mode.

     

    If the file does not exist, OPEN ... FOR UPDATE fails with Return Code SY-SUBRC = 8.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 2a

    ... IN BINARY MODE

     

     

    Effect

    Data is read or written unchanged (as stored in the memory). (For details, see READ DATASET and TRANSFER.)

    This file format is used if you do not specify a MODE addition.

     

     

     

    Addition 2b

    ... IN TEXT MODE [ENCODING (DEFAULT|UTF-8|NON-UNICODE)]

     

     

    Effect

    Data is read or written line by line. (For details, see READ DATASET and TRANSFER.)

     

     

     

    Note

    on ENCODING (DEFAULT|UTF-8|NON-UNICODE)

     

     

     

    This addition specifies the character representation in the file:

     

    DEFAULT

    Corresponds to UTF-8 in Unicode systems and to NON-UNICODE in non-Unicode systems.

    UTF-8

    Characters are represented in the file in the format UTF-8.

    NON-UNICODE

    Characters are represented in the file in the code page defined by the text environment current at the time a READ or TRANSFER command is executed (see SET LOCALE LANGUAGE).

     

     

    Addition 2c

    ... IN LEGACY BINARY MODE [(BIG|LITTLE) ENDIAN] [CODE PAGE cp]

     

     

    Effect

    Data is read or written in a form which is compatible to BINARY MODE in Releases <= 4.6. This addition is primarily used to convert a file into the code page format specified already when it is opened. At runtime, the system uses the format of the system code page of the application server. The system saves the file then again in the code page specified. This procedure is important if data is exchanged between systems using different code pages. For more information, see READ DATASET and TRANSFER.

     

     

     

    Addition 2d

    ... IN LEGACY TEXT MODE [(BIG|LITTLE) ENDIAN] [CODE PAGE cp]

     

     

    Effect

    Data is read or written in a form which is compatible to BINARY MODE in Releases <= 4.6. This addition is primarily used to convert a file into the code page format specified already when it is opened. At runtime, the system uses the format of the system code page of the application server. The system saves the file then again in the code page specified. This procedure is important if data is exchanged between systems using different code pages. For more information, see READ DATASET and TRANSFER.

     

     

     

    Notes

    on BIG ENDIAN, LITTLE ENDIAN

     

    These additions specify the byte sequence in which to store numbers (ABAP types I, F, and INT2) in the file.

     

    These additions may only be used in combination with the additions IN LEGACY BINARY MODE and IN LEGACY TEXT MODE. If these are not specified, the system assumes that the byte sequence determined by the hardware of the application server is used in the file.

     

    If the byte sequence specified differs from that determined by the hardware of the application server, READDATASET and TRANSFER make the corresponding conversions.

     

    These additions replace the language element TRANSLATE ... NUMBER FORMAT ... which must not be used in Unicode programs.

     

    on CODE PAGE cp

     

    This addition specifies the code page which is used to represent texts in the file.

     

    This addition may only be used in combination with the additions IN LEGACY BINARY MODE and IN LEGACY TEXT MODE. If this addition is not specified, the system uses the code page defined by the text environment current at the time a READ or TRANSFER command is executed (see SET LOCALE LANGUAGE).

     

    This addition replaces the language element TRANSLATE ... CODE PAGE ... which must not be used in Unicode programs.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 3

    ... REPLACEMENT CHARACTER rc

     

     

    Effect

    Specifies the replacement character which is used when a character cannot be converted during a character set conversion.

     

    Note

    This addition may only be used in combination with the additions IN TEXT MODE and IN LEGACY ... MODE. If the addition is not specified, "#" is used as the replacement character.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 4

    ... IGNORING CONVERSION ERRORS

     

     

    Effect

    This addition ensures that no exception is triggered when an error occurs during character set conversion and a file is accessed in read or write mode. If you do not use this addition, the exception CX_SY_CONVERSION_CODEPAGE is triggered when a conversion error occurs. (For details see READ DATASET and TRANSFER.)

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 5

    ... AT POSITION p

     

     

    Effect

    Sets the read/write position in the file to p. p is interpreted as the byte offset from the beginning of the file.

     

     

     

    Notes

    You can use the command GETDATASET POSITION to access the current read/write position. This value can be used as the parameter p for the AT POSITION addition.

     

    When you use the OPEN ... FOR OUTPUT AT POSITION ... variant, the file contents are destroyed if the file already existed. To prevent this from happening, use OPEN ... FOR UPDATE AT POSITION ... if you want to change an existing file at the position specified.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 6

    ... TYPE c

     

     

    Effect

    You can specify additional file attributes in the field c. The field contents are passed to the operating system without changes and without any checks for correctness. For more information on the correctness of the attributes specified, refer to the open system call documentation of the relevant operating system.

     

     

     

    Note

    If the application server runs under Windows NT and the file was opened using IN TEXT MODE or IN LEGACY TEXTMODE, the TYPE addition is interpreted as follows:

     

    c = 'NT'

    The end of the line is marked with "CRLF".

    c = 'UNIX'

    The end of the line is marked with "LF".

    Other

    The addition is ignored, and the end of the line is marked with the line end character possibly already used in the file (see the note at the end of this document).

     

     

    Example

    Generating the OS/400 file test.dat with the properties specified under TYPE. The following example specifies the record length, the block size, and the record format.

     

     

     

    OPEN DATASET 'test.dat'

      TYPE 'lrecl=80, blksize=8000, recfm=FB'

      FOR OUTPUT IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 7

    ... MESSAGE m

     

    Effect

    If an error occurs opening the file, the corresponding message of the operating system is stored in the field m.

     

     

     

    Example

    DATA: dsn(20) VALUE '/usr/test.dat',

          msg(100).

     

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR INPUT MESSAGE msg

                     IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

     

    IF sy-subrc <> 0.

      WRITE / msg.

      STOP.

    ENDIF.

     

     

     

     

     

    Addition 8

    ... FILTER f

     

     

    Effect

    If you are working under UNIX or Windows NT, you can specify an operating system command in the field f.

     

     

     

    Example

    Under UNIX, the following

     

     

     

    DATA dsn(20) VALUE '/usr/test.dat'.

     

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR OUTPUT FILTER 'compress'

     

                     IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

     

     

     

    opens the file dsn and writes the data to the file in compressed form using the UNIX command compress.

     

     

     

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR INPUT FILTER 'uncompress'

                     IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

     

     

     

    reads the file again.

     

     

     

    Exceptions

    Catchable Exceptions

     

    CX_SY_FILE_OPEN

     

    Cause: The file is already open (only in Unicode programs)

    Runtime Error: DATASET_REOPEN

     

    CX_SY_CODEPAGE_CONVERTER_INIT

     

    Cause: The required conversion is not supported (because you specified an invalid code page or a language with SET LOCALE LANGUAGE not supported during conversion).

    Runtime Error: CONVT_CODEPAGE_INIT (catchable)

     

    CX_SY_CONVERSION_CODEPAGE

     

    Cause: Internal conversion error

    Runtime Error: CONVT_CODEPAGE (catchable

     

    CX_SY_FILE_AUTHORITY

     

    Cause: No authorization to access a file

    Runtime Error: OPEN_DATASET_NO_AUTHORITY (catchable)

     

    Cause: Authorization to access this file missing for OPEN DATASET with addition FILTER.

    Runtime Error: OPEN_PIPE_NO_AUTHORITY (catchable)

     

    CX_SY_PIPES_NOT_SUPPORTED

     

    Cause: OPEN DATASET with addition FILTER is not supported on the current operating system.

    Runtime Error: DATASET_NO_PIPE (catchable)

     

    CX_SY_TOO_MANY_FILES

     

    Cause: The maximum number of open files has been exceeded.

    Runtime Error: DATASET_TOO_MANY_FILES (catchable)

     

     

     

    Non-Catchable Exceptions

     

    Cause: You attempted to open a pipe already open.

    Runtime Error: DATASET_PIPE_POSITION

     

     

     

     

     

    Note

     

    End of line marking under Windows NT

    Since under Windows NT the line end in text files can be marked both with " CRLF" and with "LF", text files are handled in a special way on this operating system when opened using FOR OUTPUT or FOR APPENDING:

     

    You can use the addition TYPE to specify the desired end of line marking.

     

    If you do not specify an end of line marking using the addition TYPE, the system searches the file (if it exists already) for end of line markings. The first marking found is used for future search operations.

     

    If the file does not already exist or if no marking is found, the format specified in the profile parameter "abap/NTfopen" is used.

     

    If the profile parameter is not set, "CRLF" is used.

     

     

     

     

    Regards

    Eswar

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    giri karna
    Currently Being Moderated

    Data set is a file in the application server.

    In BDC concept when we are working with the file in the application server,

    We open the file for different reasons(read/write/append) using this concept.

     

    Syn: open dataset <filename> for <input/output/append> in <text/binary> mode encoding default.

    Here,

    Input is for reading the file from Application server

    output is for writing the file into Application server

    append is for adding more info to the existing file.

     

     

    Cheers.

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    Kunal Kumar
    Currently Being Moderated

    Dear Laxman,

     

    Everyone else has given a lot of study material defining "Open Dataset".

     

    Now you just analyse  this code - you can understnad its use in ABAP :

     

    <b>report  zkun_file2                              .

     

    tables : zkunal3.

    data:

      dsn(20) type c value 'test.dat',

      rec(80) type c.

     

    data : begin of itab occurs 0.

            include structure zkunal1.

    data : end of itab.

     

    select * from zkunal3 into table itab.

     

    open dataset dsn for output in text mode encoding default.

    " opens a file for writing; if the file is not thr in the working direct

    "ory it will create one with the same name.

     

    loop at itab.

    concatenate itab-fname itab-lname itab-place into rec separated by space

    .

    transfer  rec   to dsn.

    rec = ''.

    endloop.

    close dataset dsn.

     

    rec = ''.

    open dataset dsn for input in text mode encoding default.

    " opens the file for reading only.

     

    *READ DATASET dsn INTO rec.

     

     

    if sy-subrc = 0.

      message i005(zmsg_kunal).

    endif.

    *write rec.

    *

    while sy-subrc = 0.

      write / rec.  read dataset dsn into rec.

    endwhile.

    • EXIT.

     

     

    close dataset dsn.</b>

     

    Thanks and Regards,

    Kunal.

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    Kunal Kumar
    Currently Being Moderated

    Copy this and execute in SE38 :

     

    <b>REPORT  ZKUN_DEL1                               .

     

     

    data : begin of warea ,

            a type i,

            b type c,

            m type i,

            end of warea.

    Data : j type i.

     

    Data itab like table of warea with header line.

     

    j = 5 .

     

    while j > 0.

    itab-a  = itab-a + 1.

    itab-b = 'b'.

    itab-m = itab-m + 1.

    append itab.

    j = j - 1.

    endwhile.

     

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR OUTPUT IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

    " opens a file for writing; if the file is not thr in the working direct

    "ory it will create one with the same name.

     

    LOOP AT itab.

    concatenate itab-fname itab-lname itab-place into rec separated by space

    .

    TRANSFER  rec   TO dsn.

    rec = ''.

    ENDLOOP.

    CLOSE DATASET dsn.

     

    rec = ''.

    OPEN DATASET dsn FOR INPUT IN TEXT MODE ENCODING DEFAULT.

    " opens the file for reading only.

     

    *READ DATASET dsn INTO rec.

     

     

    IF sy-subrc = 0.

      message i005(zmsg_kunal).

    ENDIF.

    *write rec.

    *

    WHILE sy-subrc = 0.

      WRITE / rec.  READ DATASET dsn INTO rec.

    ENDWHILE.

    • EXIT.

     

    CLOSE DATASET dsn.</b>

     

    You can understand what Open Dataset in ABAP is .

     

    Regards,

    Kunal.

  • Re: what is open dataset in abap
    Rohit Verma
    Currently Being Moderated

    Read This and you can ve a good idea of open dataset.

     

     

    OPEN DATASET

     

    OPEN

     

     

    1. ... FOR OUTPUT

    2. ... FOR INPUT

    3. ... FOR APPENDING

    4. ... IN BINARY MODE

    5. ... IN TEXT MODE

    6. ... AT POSITION pos

    7. ... TYPE ctrl

    8. ... MESSAGE mess

    9. ... FILTER f

     

    Effect

     

    Opens the specified file. If no addition is specified, the file is opened for reading and in binary mode (see below).

     

    Example

     

    DATA: DSN(20) VALUE '/usr/test',

          RECORD(80).

     

    OPEN DATASET DSN.

    DO.

      READ DATASET DSN INTO RECORD.

      IF SY-SUBRC NE 0.

        EXIT.

      ELSE.

        WRITE: / RECORD.

      ENDIF.

    ENDDO.

    CLOSE DATASET DSN.

     

         

    • Notes

     

    The file must be accessible from the application server. You cannot use OPEN DATASET to process files on the current presentation server (whether PC or workstation). The function modules WS_DOWNLOAD and WS_UPLOAD exist for this purpose.

     

         

    • The format of file names depends largely on the operating system. You can access portable programs by using the function module FILE_GET_NAME which returns the physical file name for a given logical file name.

     

         

    • The system automatically performs an authorization check. If the user does not have the appropriate authorization, a runtime error occurs. You can check the existence of the authorization with the function module AUTHORITY_CHECK_DATASET.

     

    With this key word, the following runtime errors can occur:

     

         

    • OPEN_DATASET_NO_AUTHORITY: No authorization to access this file.

     

         

    • OPEN_PIPE_NO_AUTHORITY: No authorization to access this file (using OPEN DATASET ... FILTER ....

     

         

    • You should specify the path name of any file you wish to open in its absolute form ('/usr/test'), not in its relative form ('test'). Otherwise, the file may be opened in the directory where the SAP System is already running.

     

         

    • When you create a file, it exists under the user name used to start the SAP System. This user name is not normally identical with the user's UNIX name. To be able to create the file, the user must have the appropriate write authorization in the relevant directory.

     

    Effect

     

    Opens the file for writing. If the file already exists, its contents are deleted unless it is already open. If it is open, the positioning is set back to the start of the file. If the file does not exist, it is created.

     

    Effect

     

    Opens an existing file for writing. If the file is already open, the positioning is set back to the start of the file. The addition FOR INPUT does not have to be specified explicitly.

     

    Effect

     

    Opens the file for writing to the end of the file. If the file does not exist, it is created. If the file is already open, the positioning is set to the end.

     

    Effect

     

    The contents of the file are not interpreted by the read and write operations READ DATASET and TRANSFER. The data areas specified with these key words are directly input or output. The addition IN BINARY MODE does not have to be specified explicitly.

     

    Effect

     

    If a file is opened with this addition, the system assumes that the file has a line structure. Each time READ DATASET or TRANSFER occurs, exactly one line is input or output. If the data area is too big for the line read, the remaining area is padded with blanks. If it is too small, the remainder of the line is lost.

     

    Effect

     

    This addition allows you to specify an explicit file position pos in bytes from the start of the file. The next read or write operation then occurs there. You cannot specify a position before the start of the file.

    Although this addition can also be used with the addition IN TEXT MODE , it makes little sense, because the physical format of a text file depends largely on the operating system.

     

    Effect

     

    In the field ctrl, you can specify further file attributes. The contents of this field are passed unchanged to the operating system. No checks are performed. See the documentation of the fopen command for the relevant operating system.

     

    Example

     

    create an MVS file "'QXX.YYY'" with the specified attributes. (The apostrophes ['] are part of the file name.):

     

    OPEN DATASET '''QXX.YYY'''

      TYPE 'lrecl=80, blksize=8000, recfm=F'

      FOR OUTPUT.

     

    Example

     

    Create an OpenVMS file 'TEST.LOG' with the specified attributes. The individual parameters must be separated by blanks:

     

    OPEN DATASET 'TEST.LOG'

      TYPE 'alq=100 deq=100 fop=cif,ctg'

      FOR OUTPUT.

     

    Effect

     

    Stores the relevant operating system message in the field mess if an error occurs when opening the file.

     

    Example

     

    DATA: DSN(20) VALUE '/usr/test',

          MSG(100).

     

    OPEN DATASET DSN FOR INPUT MESSAGE MSG.

     

    IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

      WRITE: / MSG.

      STOP.

    ENDIF.

     

    Effect

     

    Under UNIX and Windows NT, you can specify an operating system command in the field f.

     

    DATA DSN(20) VALUE '/usr/test.Z'.

     

    OPEN DATASET DSN FOR OUTPUT FILTER 'compress'.

     

    opens the file DSN and writes the output data to this file via the UNIX command 'compress'.

     

    OPEN DATASET DSN FOR INPUT FILTER 'uncompress'.

     

    reads the file in again.

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